Vapers More Likely To Become Smokers
The electronic devices are already being blamed for reversing positive trends in lowering teenage smoking rates as kids who vape are more likely to try cigarettes. Now, the “safer” claims marketed with e-cigarettes are being debated through various studies. While some experts point to e-cigarettes as a way to help people stay off traditional cigarettes, others point to potential increases in diseases associated with them, such as stroke and other cardiovascular diseases.
People who vape might increase their odds of suffering a stroke, heart attack or heart disease. Federal survey data revealed that compared with nonusers, people who use e-cigarettes have a:
- 71 percent higher risk of stroke.
- 59 percent higher risk of heart attack or angina.
- 40 percent higher risk of heart disease.
“Even as we consider electronic cigarettes as a means of aiding in smoking cessation, we need to be careful about the impact this may have on the health of folks,” said lead researcher Dr. Paul Ndunda. He is an assistant professor with the University of Kansas School of Medicine.
Dr. Larry Goldstein is chairman of neurology and co-director of the Kentucky Neuroscience Institute said, “This is the first real data that we’re seeing associating e-cigarette use with hard cardiovascular events.”
Goldstein added that “it’s quite a concern, especially since nationwide now we’ve seen a leveling off in and, in many instances, an increase in the risk of stroke-related mortality in the country. It’s hard to know what contribution this has to that, but it doesn’t appear to be safer, or safe right now, from the data that’s available.”
About 3 percent of adults and 11 percent of high school students reported using e-cigarettes within the previous month in 2016, the study authors noted. In addition, vaping among young people increased by 900 percent between 2011 and 2015.
For the new study, researchers gathered data on over 400,000 participants in the 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a survey regularly conducted by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The researchers included nearly 66,800 people who said they had ever regularly used e-cigarettes, comparing them with about 344,000 people who’d never tried the devices.
Ndunda pointed out that the nicotine in e-cigarettes probably isn’t directly causing the strokes or heart health problems, since previous studies have not linked the addictive substance to plaque formation in blood vessels.
“But there are other chemicals found in electronic cigarettes that could increase inflammation of the lining of the blood vessels. That could lead to clot formation, clogging the artery and causing a stroke,” Ndunda said.
“The vapor is not innocuous,” he concluded. “our guideline is to not recommend e-cigarettes for people who are trying to quit smoking.
That’s because they’re not approved for smoking cessation by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which currently regulates e-cigarettes as another tobacco product.
“It doesn’t help them quit nicotine,” Ylioja said of e-cigarettes.
However, because this is survey data, it cannot draw a direct cause-and-effect relationship between vaping and stroke or heart attack, Ndunda added.
“This study has some limitations that do not allow us to make very firm conclusions and be able to change policy around e-cigarettes. I would look at this as a call for larger and longer studies into this issue,” Ndunda said.
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