Smoking The Most Common Cause Of Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the most commonly occurring cancer in men and the third most commonly occurring cancer in women. There were two million new cases in 2018. The top 25 countries with the highest incidence of lung cancer in 2018 are listed below.

Age-standardized rates are used in the tables. This is a summary measure of the rate of disease that a population would have if it had a standard age structure. Standardization is necessary when comparing populations that differ with respect to age because age has a powerful influence on the risk of dying from cancer.

Hungary had the highest rate of lung cancer in 2018, followed by Serbia.

RankCountryAge-standardized rate per 100,000
1Hungary56.7
2Serbia49.8
3New Caledonia (France)42.3
4Greece40.5
5French Polynesia39.8
6Montenegro39.7
7Belgium39.0
8Guam37.9
9Turkey36.9
10Denmark36.6
11Poland36.5
12North Korea36.2
13=Bosnia & Herzegovina36.1
13=France (metropolitan)36.1
15Samoa35.4
16=China35.1
16=US35.1
18Macedonia34.1
19=Germany33.7
19=Ireland33.7
21Netherlands33.3
22Slovenia32.9
23Croatia32.5
24UK32.5
25Slovakia31.2

About 1.8 million new cases of lung cancer were recorded globally in 2012, accounting for 13 per cent of all new cases of cancer. Smoking is the main cause of lung cancer. It is estimated that over 90 per cent of cases among men and over 80 per cent among women worldwide are attributable to tobacco use. Passive smoking is also a cause of lung cancer.

In current smokers, consuming foods containing vitamin C might decrease the risk of lung cancer. In current smokers and former smokers, consuming vegetables and fruit might decrease the risk of lung cancer.

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